Encyclopedia of applied plant sciences/ 1, [A - Gro]

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Crops have a wide variety of uses and are an integral part of our existence and development. While advancements in crop science and technology have increased the production of some of our most basic foodstuff s, they also have had wide-ranging impacts on the environment. The production of crops does not have to harm the environment. By protecting the land, water, and air, and by sharing knowledge and resource s, people may find solutions for the problems of world hunger and global energy scarcities through the sustainable use of crops. Most Popular Crops: U.

Corn 2.

  • Masters Theses in the Pure and Applied Sciences: Accepted by Colleges and Universities of the United States and Canada. Volume 21.
  • Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences.
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Soy 3. Hay 4. Wheat 5. Acids can corrode some natural materials. Acids have pH levels lower than 7.

Table of contents

Also called industrial agriculture. Native American usually does not include Eskimo or Hawaiian people. Pesticides can be fungicides which kill harmful fungi , insecticides which kill harmful insects , herbicides which kill harmful plants , or rodenticides which kill harmful rodents.

Curds are used to make rubber. Sustainable agriculture aims to cultivate the land so it may be used by future generations. The audio, illustrations, photos, and videos are credited beneath the media asset, except for promotional images, which generally link to another page that contains the media credit. The Rights Holder for media is the person or group credited. Caryl-Sue, National Geographic Society. Dunn, Margery G. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. If you have questions about licensing content on this page, please contact ngimagecollection natgeo.

If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please visit our FAQ page. If a media asset is downloadable, a download button appears in the corner of the media viewer. If no button appears, you cannot download or save the media. Text on this page is printable and can be used according to our Terms of Service. Any interactives on this page can only be played while you are visiting our website. You cannot download interactives. Agricultural communities developed approximately 10, years ago when humans began to domesticate plants and animals.

By establishing domesticity, families and larger groups were able to build communities and transition from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle dependent on foraging and hunting for survival. Select from these resources to teach your students about agricultural communities. Technological innovations have greatly shaped agriculture throughout time. From the creation of the plow to the global positioning system GPS driven precision farming equipment, humans have developed new ways to make farming more efficient and grow more food.

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We are constantly working to find new ways to irrigate crops or breed more disease resistant varieties. These iterations are key to feeding the ever-expanding global population with the decreasing freshwater supply. Explore developments in agricultural technology and its impacts on civilization with this curated collection of classroom resources. Hundreds of years before the arrival of European explorers, the ancient civilizations of South America developed rich and innovative cultures that grew in and amongst the geographic features of their landscape.

The most famous of these civilizations is the Incan Empire. Emerging in C. The Inca relied on the Pacific Ocean and major rivers originating in the Amazon Basin for fishing and trade, as well as rich plant and animal life that they supported. The Inca constructed inns, signal towers, roads, and massive forts such as the famous Machu Picchu, the ruins of which continue to teach archaeologists about the Incan Empire. Learn more about the history and rich culture of the Inca and the ancient civilizations of South America with this curated resource collection. In the United Nations General Assembly adopted 17 sustainable development goals designed to transform our world by This initiative strives to help us rethink our global food infrastructure, from how we grow and harvest food to how we consume it.

With a growing global population, we will need to implement innovative, sustainable practices to ensure equitable food access and eliminate fears of going hungry. Use these resources in your classroom to teach your students about sustainable agriculture and tactics that could potentially end world hunger. Skip to content Donate Account. Encyclopedic Entry Vocabulary. Grains, such as the sorghum these farmers are carrying, are the most popular food crop.

Photograph by W. Robert Moore.


Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences - 2nd Edition

Crop of Crops break crop: lesser-value crop planted in the process of crop rotation bumper crop: harvest that has resulted in an unusually large or profitable amount of produce cash crop: crop that is grown for sale catch crop: fast-growing secondary crop that is grown between plantings of a larger crop cover crop: crop planted to maintain soil quality more than agricultural produce nurse crop: crop of an annual species grown to help establish a crop of a perennial species permanent crop: crops from annual plants, which don't have to be re-planted every year.

European Union. Fertile Crescent. Also called linseed. United Nations agency responsible for improving food production in developing countries. Native American. North Pole. Also called Atriplex and saltbush. Resources can be natural or human. Svalbard Global Seed Vault.

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Encyclopedia of Applied Plant Sciences || TISSUE CULTURE | Clonal Propagation, In Vitro

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Institutional Subscription. Free Shipping Free global shipping No minimum order. Comprehensively covers both the key theoretical and practical aspects of plant sciences Edited and written by a distinguished international group of editors and contributors Well-organized format provides for concise, readable entries, easy searches, and thorough cross-references Presents complete up-to-date information on over 25 separate areas of plant science Features many tables and figures, with a color plate section in each volume New terms clearly explained in glossary sections of each article.

University of Glamorgan, UK. The University of Auckland, New Zealand.

All About Plant Science

Muskiewicz, University of Massachusetts at Lowell " Powered by. You are connected as. Connect with:. About this book Introduction The entire range of the developmental process in plants is regulated by a shift in the hormonal concentration, tissue sensitivity and their interaction with the factors operating around the plants. Phytohormones play a crucial role in regulating the direction of plant in a coordinated fashion in association with metabolism that provides energy and the building blocks to generate the form that we recognize as a plant.

Out of the recognized hormones, attention has largely been focused on Auxins, Gibberellins, Cytokinins, Abscisic acid, Ethylene and more recently on Brassinosteroids. In this book we are providing the information about a brassinosteroids that again confirm its status as phytohormones because it has significant impact on various aspects of the plant life and its ubiquitous distribution throughout the plant kingdom. Brassinosteroids are generating a significant impact on plant growth and development, photosynthesis, transpiration, ion uptake and transport, induces specific changes in leaf anatomy and chloroplast structure.

This book is not an encyclopedia of reviews but includes a selected collection of newly written, integrated, illustrated reviews describing our knowledge of brassinosteroids. The aim of this book is to tell all about brassinosteroids, by the present time. The various chapters incorporate both theoretical and practical aspects and may serve as baseline information for future researches through which significant development is possible.